he didn't have much formal education beyond a couple of years of journalism training at a community college, but if you actually read him, there is no question that he wasn't kidding, misguided, unoriginal (ha! - that's a funny one) or any sort of fraud. ol' boy def. knew what he was doing with both his novels but it was most apparent in his prose poetry. go to your video store & pick up "barfly." Buk wrote this as an original screen play. it wasn't an adaptation.