If you are talking about...
the film by Jim Jarmusch, no, no novel is the source. He wrote it and directed it. In fact, it's his first official "commercial" movie.
Have you seen John Lurie's TV series "Fishing with John"? It's a fantastic parody of fishing shows with great guests as Tom Waits, Jarmusch himself, Dennis Hopper, Matt Dillon and the awesome, Willem Defoe.
Back to Jarmusch, his best, I think, is "Dead Man" with master Johnny Depp.