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Sartre's Doctrine

Posted to Utterances




In the backround I'm listening to a short movie on Stalin right now.

But of Sartre's Existential Doctrine he said :

" The doctrine I am presenting .. declares , " There is no reality except in action." Moreover , it goes further , since it adds, " Man is nothing else than his plan ; he exists only to the extent that he fufills himself; he is therefore nothing else than the ensemble of his acts, nothing else than his life. "
...

" To be sure , this may seem harsh thought to some one whos life hasn't been a success. But on the other hand, it prompts people to understand that reality alone is what counts , that dreams, expectations, and hopes warrent no more than to define a man as a disappointed dream, a miscarried hopes , as vain expectations. In other words , to define him negatively and not positively...
When all is said and done , what we are accused of , at bottom , is not our pessimism , but an optimistic toughness...... When the existentialist writes about a coward , he says that this coward is responsible for his cowardice. He's not like that because he has a cowardly heart or lung or brain; he's not like that on account of his physiological make- up ; but he's like that because he has made himself a coward by his acts. There is no such hting as a cowardly constitution ; there are nervous constitutions , there is poor blood , as the coomon people say , or strong constitutions, there is poor blood , as the common people say , or strong constitutions. But the man whose blood is poor is not a coward on that account, for what makes cowardice is the act of renouncing or yielding. A constitution is not an act ; the coward is defined on the basis of the acts he performs. People feel , in a vague sort of way , that this coward were talking about is guilty of being a coward , and the thought frightens them. What people would like is that a coward or hero be born that way....
That's what people really want to think. If you're born cowardly , you may set you mind perfectly at rest; there's nothing you can do about it ; you'll be cowardly all your life , whatever you may do. If you're born a hero , you may set your mind at rest ; you'll be a hero all your life; you'll drink like a hero and eat like a hero. What the existentialist says is that that coward makes himself cowardly , that the hero makes himself heroic. There's always a possibility for the coward not to be cowardly any more and for the hero to stop being heroic . What counts is total involvement , some particular action or set of cirumstances is not total involvement. "



Sartre's Doctrine

Posted to Utterances




In the backround I'm listening to a short movie on Stalin right now.

But of Sartre's Existential Doctrine he said :

" The doctrine I am presenting .. declares , " There is no reality except in action." Moreover , it goes further , since it adds, " Man is nothing else than his plan ; he exists only to the extent that he fufills himself; he is therefore nothing else than the ensemble of his acts, nothing else than his life. "
...

" To be sure , this may seem harsh thought to some one whos life hasn't been a success. But on the other hand, it prompts people to understand that reality alone is what counts , that dreams, expectations, and hopes warrent no more than to define a man as a disappointed dream, a miscarried hopes , as vain expectations. In other words , to define him negatively and not positively...
When all is said and done , what we are accused of , at bottom , is not our pessimism , but an optimistic toughness...... When the existentialist writes about a coward , he says that this coward is responsible for his cowardice. He's not like that because he has a cowardly heart or lung or brain; he's not like that on account of his physiological make- up ; but he's like that because he has made himself a coward by his acts. There is no such hting as a cowardly constitution ; there are nervous constitutions , there is poor blood , as the coomon people say , or strong constitutions, there is poor blood , as the common people say , or strong constitutions. But the man whose blood is poor is not a coward on that account, for what makes cowardice is the act of renouncing or yielding. A constitution is not an act ; the coward is defined on the basis of the acts he performs. People feel , in a vague sort of way , that this coward were talking about is guilty of being a coward , and the thought frightens them. What people would like is that a coward or hero be born that way....
That's what people really want to think. If you're born cowardly , you may set you mind perfectly at rest; there's nothing you can do about it ; you'll be cowardly all your life , whatever you may do. If you're born a hero , you may set your mind at rest ; you'll be a hero all your life; you'll drink like a hero and eat like a hero. What the existentialist says is that that coward makes himself cowardly , that the hero makes himself heroic. There's always a possibility for the coward not to be cowardly any more and for the hero to stop being heroic . What counts is total involvement , some particular action or set of cirumstances is not total involvement. "