Jonathan Miles contributes the Shaken and Stirred column to the Sunday Styles section of The Times. His novel, “Dear American Airlines,” will be published in June.
Who better than the Shaken and Stirred columnist for the Sunday Styles section of the Times to review a book about Robert Frost? I can't imagine why the New York Times Book Review
would have chosen this critic for Fall of Frost
, an impressionistic novel by Brian Hall that imagines details in the life of the poet, though of course I'd happily concur if Jonathan Miles had shown any sensitivity towards either the novel's goals or its achievements. But the review is a straight-up hatchet job, mocking Hall for creating scenes where the poet Frost encounters forks in roads or walls that need mending. It's a strange critique, since readers who choose a novel that imagines the life of Robert Frost would likely be disappointed if the novelist didn't bother to speculate about the origins of the poet's best-known works. Miles clearly has no sympathy for the very idea of a novelization about the life of Robert Frost, which leads me to ask again, why was Jonathan Miles considered the right choice to review this book?
One simply wonders about these things. We're on much better poetic footing when David Orr digs into Helen Vendler's analytical study Our Secret Discipline: Yeats and Lyric Form
. I've had problems with David Orr in the past, and, yes, he once again
gets off to a bad start with an opening sentence that exaggerates for effect but states a clear untruth:
The critic is the only artist who depends entirely upon another art form, which means that part of his job is to determine the nature of the relationship.
Tell that to Chip Kidd, or Lorenz Hart, or Bob Fosse, or any art museum curator or Hollywood costume designer or ... must I go on? But Orr's article improves greatly after the first sentence. He enjoys Vendler's book, though more for the ride than for the destination, since he demonstrates that her logical findings are more likely the result than the cause of her aesthetic reactions. I like the close analysis he performs on one of her suppositions, and I like it that he bravely provides his own (doggerel) poem to make his case (though little harm is done to Vendler's book in the process).
There are several good fiction reviews here: Ben Macintyre on Richard Bausch's Peace
, Maggie Scarf on Andrew Sean Greer's The Story of a Marriage
, Penelope Green on Meg Wolitzer's Ten Year Nap
, Bruce Barcott on Louise Erdrich's The Plague of Doves
. I'm less impressed by David Leavitt's thoughts on William Styron's essay collection Havanas in Camelot
(Leavitt faults Styron for failing to mention James Baldwin's homosexuality, which makes me think Leavitt must have been struggling to find anything at all to say about this book) or Rachel Donadio's endpaper about the highbrow critical reaction to the Beat Generation in 1958, which reads like a page in a dull textbook.
And then there's the cover article: conservative columnist George Will on Nixonland
, a history book by Rick Perlstein. Perlstein's thesis is that Nixon's presidency defined the cultural division between "left" and "right" that still drives American politics today. The very mention of Richard Nixon, though, seems to set George Will off on a tear (like many other conservatives today, Will seems to subscribe to the simple historical mantra "Nixon bad, Reagan good"). His article sets Perlstein's thesis aside, focusing instead on Will's own ideas regarding Nixon and the Vietnam War era. The results are highly questionable, and I'd like to take a cue from David Orr and subject George Will's article to my own close analysis.
First, it's clear that Will has many things on his mind here, all of them predating Rick Perlstein's book. Take the fourth paragraph in this article, which talks about Barry Goldwater, James Reston, Richard Hofstadter and Daniel Bell. Where did Rick Perlstein go? Where did Richard Nixon go? Will is apparently still fighting a battle with historian Richard Hofstadter, though only a tiny fraction of NYTBR readers will care.
When George Will gets around to reviewing Rick Perlstein, it's mainly to make fun of his purplish prose, which does (to be fair) seem a bit excessive. Will quotes many of Perlstein's unfortunate sentences, but smacks himself with his own shovel when he quotes Truman Capote's already incredibly over-quoted insult to Jack Kerouac ("that's not writing, that is typing"). Can George Will actually not know that this line is beyond stale? Even Rachel Donadio knew better, in her article about the Beats, than to serve up this well-worn insult.
George Will factual claims in this article are also weak. This is ironic because his factual claims are meant to discredit Perlstein's factual claims, but repeatedly fail to do so:
Perlstein says that before the Kent State violence, "citizens were thrilled to see the tanks and jeeps rumbling through town." There were no tanks there.
That's interesting, since the definitive history book on the 1970 Kent State shootings, Kent State
by James Michener, contains a sub-chapter titled "A Rumble of Tanks" which describes the National Guard's troop carriers -- "big, lumbering, ominous" -- rolling through town. Technically, Will is correct that these troop carriers did not amount to the arrival of a panzer division, but Michener does make it clear that observers believed they were seeing tanks, which is exactly what Perlstein repeats.
Will attempts a similar sleight of hand here:
For example, Perlstein writes about some military policemen in 1969 wondering why they were on 24-hour alert at an airbase in New Jersey: "A team of soldiers stood guard around two B-52s. Their pilots sat in the ready room carrying guns. An M.P. madly scanned the newspaper in vain for some international crisis. He knew what it meant when B-52 co-pilots started carrying sidearms. It was for one co-pilot to shoot the other if he was too chicken to follow orders and drop the big one."
Well. Leaving aside the adolescent language ("chicken," "the big one"), perhaps there really was a madly scanning M.P., but an Air Force historian laughed when asked about the idea that crews carried guns aimed, so to speak, at one another.
Well. An Air Force historian laughed -- so what? That doesn't mean what Perlstein said is not true. Furthermore, what exactly is an "Air Force historian"? If this refers to an official representative of the US Air Force, then George Will's judgment in consulting this source for a candid answer is more laughable than anything else here.
I've said before that the New York Times Book Review really needs to move past the hoary typewriter warriors of the William F. Buckley generation when it assigns reviewers for political books. George Will reached his creative peak during the Reagan presidency, as far as I can tell, and the problem with assigning reviews to old battle-axes like George Will -- or Leon Wieseltier, or Christopher Hitchens, or Henry Kissinger -- is that these writers show up carrying so much baggage that the books they review barely stand a chance. When George Will or Leon Wieseltier or Christopher Hitchens or Henry Kissinger reviews a book, it's invariably all about George Will or Leon Wieseltier or Christopher Hitchens or Henry Kissinger. This may play well in the New York Times executive offices, but it's not what NYTBR readers want or enjoy.
We want newer, more ideologically diverse political voices (Samantha Power, a year ago, was a rare step in the right direction). Today's Book Review also includes an article by Josef Joffe on Fareed Zakaria's The Post-American World
that summarizes the USA's current problems:
There is certainly plenty to bemoan -- from the disappearing dollar to the subprime disaster, from rampant anti-Americanism to wars in Iraq and Afghanistan that will take years to win.
"That will take years to win"? It's a subtle point, but language like this shows just how deeply the NYTBR's editorial leadership has isolated itself in a neo-conservative bubble. Most Americans have long ago stopped thinking about the Iraq or Afghanistan wars in the illusory terms of "victory". We yearn instead for an administration that understands the power of diplomacy.